Tuscany has many art cities, Florence, Pisa, Siena, Volterra, Arezzo and other towns dot the countryside of this beautiful region. The city of which I speak to you today and I wish to advise you and Lucca.
Lucca is a Tuscan town not very well known and often underestimated. Geographically it is located east of Pisa, between Pisa and Lucca, there are about 20 km, 30 km from the coast and then from Viareggio, Forte dei Marmi, Pietrasanta, and about 40 km from Montecatini Terme. Florence airport is about 80km. All of these places are accessible by train, bus and along the A11 motorway which connects Florence to the sea.
Originally Lucca was prey to invasions by the Ligurian and Etruscan, then become prey to the Romans around 100 BC Around 1000 A.D. subdued the barbaric domination by the Goths and Lombards, becoming then the City in about 1150. E ‘around 1200 A. D. which begins with the growth of Lucca to banking and the silk trade that took the time to peak under the leadership of the Family Guinigi. In mid-1500 to become Prince Napoleon became a republic in 1805, shortly after passing under the control of Bourbon then became part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.
Lucca is one of the few Italian cities that still preserves its walls. The walls are made of Luccavia Finlungo curtains 12 and 10 bastions. is the first town of Roman, medieval and the second of the third and last one in 1645 in defense of attacks by fi Florence. In the first dell1800 the walls were adorned with Vila and trees by Marie-Louise de Bourbon. The internal structure of the city follows the rules of Roman and medieval which constitutes the ‘main axis, which is dominated by the Clock Tower of 1471, with the clock still running public built by Louis Simon.
The square is located on the ruins of the ancient Roman amphitheater, which is why today it is elliptical in shape. The restructuring was made by the architect Lorenzo Nottolini in 1830, which freed it from the buildings that were built in the center of the square. Lorenzo Nottolini has also designed several villas around Lucca.
St. Martin’s Cathedral
The cathedral shows the white marble facade and blacks. It was built in the sixth century and changed to the twelfth round in the Romanesque style. Inside, there are important works by Tintoretto and Ghirlandaio and the Tomb of Ilaria del Carretto (Patron Saint of Lucca)
The tower is located in Via Guinigi, a street that has the characteristics of intact medieval street. Originally in the street were four towers of which now remains only Guinigi Tower of the fourteenth century, on top of which are oak trees and where you can enjoy a magnificent view over the city of Lucca.
Where to sleep
Lucca is a coveted tourist destination for its climate, art, and the proximity to Florence and the sea. In the countryside around Lucca is the highest concentration of villas all over Tuscany. The big city’s economic development through the work of the silk trade and banking has made over the centuries a place of attraction for the noble Italian families since 1800.